什么是SIL开源字体许可

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什么是SIL开源字体许可

SIL开源字体许可(英语:SIL Open Font License,缩写OFL)是一种自由、开源的字体许可协议。由SIL国际制定,初版于2005年发布,如今已是诸多开源字体的首选授权条款,思源系列亦是其中之一。译文仅供参考,如有错误或建议也请赐教。此外,本译文并没有法律效力,请参见以下声明。


声明:本文为《SIL开源字体许可证》(简称《OFL》)的非官方中文翻译。其并非由SIL国际发表,也不是采用《OFL》的字体的法定发布条款。以《OFL》授权的发布版本只在使用英语原文条款时有效。


然而,我们承认这份非官方翻译可以帮助不熟悉英语的用户和设计师更好地理解《OFL》,并更加容易地在这一协作字体设计模式下使用和发布字体家族。如果可能的话,我们鼓励各位考虑以《OFL》发布创作的设计师以母语阅读常见问题集。


请到 https://scripts.sil.org/OFL 查看许可证的官方版本和随附常见问题集。


SIL开源字体许可证  1.1版 2007年2月26日


以下为协议的原文引用:

Copyright 2013-2021 The Island Moments Project Authors (https://github.com/googlefonts/island-moments)

This Font Software is licensed under the SIL Open Font License, Version 1.1.
This license is copied below, and is also available with a FAQ at:
http://scripts.sil.org/OFL


-----------------------------------------------------------
SIL OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1 - 26 February 2007
-----------------------------------------------------------

PREAMBLE
The goals of the Open Font License (OFL) are to stimulate worldwide
development of collaborative font projects, to support the font creation
efforts of academic and linguistic communities, and to provide a free and
open framework in which fonts may be shared and improved in partnership
with others.

The OFL allows the licensed fonts to be used, studied, modified and
redistributed freely as long as they are not sold by themselves. The
fonts, including any derivative works, can be bundled, embedded, 
redistributed and/or sold with any software provided that any reserved
names are not used by derivative works. The fonts and derivatives,
however, cannot be released under any other type of license. The
requirement for fonts to remain under this license does not apply
to any document created using the fonts or their derivatives.

DEFINITIONS
"Font Software" refers to the set of files released by the Copyright
Holder(s) under this license and clearly marked as such. This may
include source files, build scripts and documentation.

"Reserved Font Name" refers to any names specified as such after the
copyright statement(s).

"Original Version" refers to the collection of Font Software components as
distributed by the Copyright Holder(s).

"Modified Version" refers to any derivative made by adding to, deleting,
or substituting -- in part or in whole -- any of the components of the
Original Version, by changing formats or by porting the Font Software to a
new environment.

"Author" refers to any designer, engineer, programmer, technical
writer or other person who contributed to the Font Software.

PERMISSION & CONDITIONS
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of the Font Software, to use, study, copy, merge, embed, modify,
redistribute, and sell modified and unmodified copies of the Font
Software, subject to the following conditions:

1) Neither the Font Software nor any of its individual components,
in Original or Modified Versions, may be sold by itself.

2) Original or Modified Versions of the Font Software may be bundled,
redistributed and/or sold with any software, provided that each copy
contains the above copyright notice and this license. These can be
included either as stand-alone text files, human-readable headers or
in the appropriate machine-readable metadata fields within text or
binary files as long as those fields can be easily viewed by the user.

3) No Modified Version of the Font Software may use the Reserved Font
Name(s) unless explicit written permission is granted by the corresponding
Copyright Holder. This restriction only applies to the primary font name as
presented to the users.

4) The name(s) of the Copyright Holder(s) or the Author(s) of the Font
Software shall not be used to promote, endorse or advertise any
Modified Version, except to acknowledge the contribution(s) of the
Copyright Holder(s) and the Author(s) or with their explicit written
permission.

5) The Font Software, modified or unmodified, in part or in whole,
must be distributed entirely under this license, and must not be
distributed under any other license. The requirement for fonts to
remain under this license does not apply to any document created
using the Font Software.

TERMINATION
This license becomes null and void if any of the above conditions are
not met.

DISCLAIMER
THE FONT SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT
OF COPYRIGHT, PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER RIGHT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
COPYRIGHT HOLDER BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE FONT SOFTWARE OR FROM
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE FONT SOFTWARE.




以下为翻译:


序言

《开源字体许可证》(简称《OFL》)旨在促进全世界协作字体项目的发展,支持学术和语言学团体的字体创作活动,以及为可能与他人合作共享和改进的字体提供自由而开放的框架。


《OFL》允许自由地使用、研究、修改和再分发授权的字体,该字体须不被单独销售。字体(包括任何衍生作品)可以与任何软件捆绑、嵌入、一并再分发和/或一并销售,只要衍生作品不使用任何保留名称。无论如何,字体和衍生版本不得在任何其他类型的许可证下发布。字体处于本许可证下的要求不适用于使用该字体或其衍生版本创建的任何文档。


定义

“字体软件” 指由版权持有者在本许可证下发布并明确表示授权的一系列文件。可以包括源文件、构建脚本和文档。


“保留字体名称” 指在版权声明后面指定的任何名称。


“原版” 指在版权持有者分发状态下的字体软件构件的集合。


“修改版” 指通过增加、删除或替换原版中的任何部分或整体构件,转换格式或移植字体软件到新环境中所产生的衍生版本。


“作者” 指为字体软件做出贡献的设计师、工程师、程序员、技术文档工程师或其他人员。


许可与条件

特此免费向任何得到字体软件副本的个人授予使用、研究、复制、合并、嵌入、修改、再分发和销售字体修改或未修改副本的权利,但需要遵守以下条件:


1)字体软件或其任何个别构件,无论原版或修改版,均不能单独销售。


2)原版或修改版字体软件可以与任何软件捆绑、一并再分发和/或一并销售,但每份副本都需要包含上述版权标记和本许可证。可以采用包括独立文本文件、人类可读信息头或在文本或二进制文件内适当的、用户易于查阅的机器可读元数据字段的形式。


3)修改版字体软件不能使用保留字体名称,除非相应版权持有者授予明确书面许可。此项限制仅适用于对用户显示的主要字体名称。


4)除向版权持有者和作者的贡献致谢或具有其明确书面许可外,不得将版权持有者或作者的名字用于推广、认可或宣传任何修改版。


5)字体软件无论修改或未修改,无论部分或整体,均必须完全在本许可证下分发,不得在任何其他许可证下分发。字体处于本许可证下的要求不适用于使用字体软件创建的任何文档。


终止

如果不满足上述任何一个条件,则本许可证失效。


免责声明

字体软件 “按原样” 提供,不作任何明示或暗示的保证,包括但不限于对适销性、特定用途适用性和不侵犯版权、专利、商标或其他权利的保证。在任何情况下,无论是在合同诉讼、侵权诉讼或其他诉讼中,版权持有者均不承担因使用或无法使用字体软件或字体软件的其他交易而产生、引起的任何索赔、损害或其他责任,包括任何一般、特殊、间接、附带或结果性损害。


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